The Mughal Emperor Akbar built Fatehpur Sikri about 35 km (22 mi) from Agra, and moved his capital there. Later abandoned, the site displays a number of buildings of significant historical importance. A World Heritage Site, it is often visited by tourists. The name of the place came about after the Mughal Emperor BÄbar defeated RÄá¹‡Ä SÄngÄ in a battle at a place called SikrÄ« (about 40 km (25 mi) from Agra). Then the Mughal Emperor Akbar wanted to make Fatehpur Sikri his headquarters, so he built a majestic fort; due to shortage of water, however, he had to ultimately move his headquarters to Agra Fort.Buland DarwÄza or 'the lofty gateway' was built by the great Mughal emperor, Akbar in 1601 CE. at FatehpÅ«r SikrÄ«. Akbar built the Buland DarwÄza to commemorate his victory over Gujarat. The Buland DarwÄza is approached by 52 steps. The Buland DarwÄza is 53.63 m high and 35 meters wide. it is made of red and buff sandstone, decorated by carving and black and white marble inlays. An inscription on the central face of the Buland DarwÄza demonstrates Akbar's religious broadmindedness, it is a message from Jesus advising his followers not to consider this world as their permanent home.
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